Oligospermia

Oligospermia, a condition affecting male fertility, can be a source of concern and frustration for individuals and couples aspiring to start a family. At BM Cosmetic, we understand the significance of this issue and are dedicated to providing effective oligospermia treatment options. But it is important to understand everything about oligospermia before looking at treating the condition.

What is Oligospermia?

Oligospermia is a medical condition characterised by a lower-than-normal sperm count in men. Specifically, it is diagnosed when the sperm count falls below the threshold of 15 million sperm per millilitre of semen. This condition can significantly reduce the chances of natural conception, making it a concern for couples who are trying to have a child.

Causes of Oligospermia

Oligospermia can result from a variety of factors, including:

  1. Lifestyle Factors: Unhealthy lifestyle choices like smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and illicit drug use can impact sperm production.
  2. Medical Conditions: Certain health conditions, such as varicocele, hormonal imbalances, infections, and genetic disorders, can contribute to oligospermia.
  3. Medications: Some medications, particularly those affecting hormone regulation, can reduce sperm production.
  4. Environmental Factors: Exposure to environmental toxins, radiation, or excessive heat can harm sperm production.
  5. Age: As men age, the quality and quantity of sperm may decline, increasing the risk of oligospermia.

How is Oligospermia Identified?

To diagnose oligospermia, a comprehensive evaluation is necessary. This typically includes a semen analysis, where a sample of semen is collected and examined for sperm count, motility, and morphology.

If the sperm count is below the defined threshold, oligospermia is diagnosed. Further tests may be performed to identify the underlying cause. This helps in deciding the best oligospermia treatment for the patient.

Types of Oligospermia

Oligospermia is classified based on the sperm count. There are 3 major types of oligospermia.

  1. Mild Oligospermia: In this type, the sperm count is slightly lower than the normal range, but it is not severely reduced. Typically, the sperm count may be between 10 and 15 million sperm per millilitre of semen. While conception is still possible, the chances may be slightly reduced.
  2. Moderate Oligospermia: In cases of moderate oligospermia, the sperm count is notably lower, ranging from 5 to 10 million sperm per millilitre. The likelihood of natural conception is reduced, and couples may face challenges in achieving pregnancy without medical intervention.
  3. Severe Oligospermia: Severe oligospermia is characterised by a significant reduction in sperm count, often falling below 5 million sperm per millilitre. The chances of natural conception are very low, and assisted reproductive techniques may be necessary to achieve pregnancy.

Treatment Options for Oligospermia

BM Cosmetic offers a range of effective oligospermia treatment options tailored to individual needs and circumstances:

  1. Lifestyle Modifications: Healthy lifestyle changes can have a positive impact on sperm production. Quitting smoking, reducing alcohol intake, maintaining a balanced diet, and avoiding exposure to environmental toxins are recommended.
  2. Medications: Medications may be prescribed to address the underlying causes of oligospermia, such as hormonal imbalances or infections. These medications can help improve sperm quality and quantity.
  3. Surgery: Surgical interventions, like varicocele repair, can correct anatomical issues that impede sperm production. Varicoceles are enlarged veins within the scrotum that affect sperm quality.
  4. Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART): For couples struggling with infertility due to severe oligospermia, ART procedures such as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) or In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) may be recommended. These techniques involve the direct placement of sperm into the female reproductive tract or fertilisation outside the body. When these techniques fail, an advanced method called Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is employed. ICSI is a highly specialised technique where a single sperm is injected directly into an egg, assisting with fertilisation in cases of severely low sperm count or poor sperm quality.

At BM Cosmetic, our team of experienced healthcare professionals provides personalised oligospermia treatment in Chennai. We focus on not only improving sperm count but also addressing the emotional aspects of fertility struggles.

If you or your partner are experiencing symptoms of oligospermia or are concerned about male fertility, we invite you to explore the comprehensive treatment options at BM Cosmetic. Call 9952099620 and book an appointment today!

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