What is Tooth Extraction?
Also known as dental extraction, tooth extraction is a dental procedure of extracting a tooth from its socket in the jawbone and gums. This procedure can be either simple, where the tooth is visible above the gumline, or surgical, where the tooth may be impacted or broken beneath the gumline.
Why Do People Opt for Tooth Extraction?
Tooth extraction is considered when a tooth is no longer viable or is causing various dental problems. Common reasons for tooth extraction include:
- Severe Tooth Decay: When a tooth is decayed and cannot be restored through treatments like fillings or root canals, extraction may be necessary to prevent the spread of infection.
- Irreparable Damage: Teeth that are severely damaged due to trauma or fractures may need to be extracted if they cannot be effectively repaired.
- Crowding: In orthodontics, tooth extraction may be recommended to create space for proper alignment of the remaining teeth.
- Impacted Wisdom Teeth: Wisdom teeth, or third molars, often become impacted, causing pain and potential damage to adjacent teeth. In such cases, extraction is the most common solution.
- Gum Disease: Advanced periodontal disease can lead to tooth mobility and, in some cases, necessitate extraction.
When to Go for Tooth Extraction?
The decision to choose tooth extraction is based on an assessment by your dentist. They will consider factors like the tooth’s condition, its impact on overall oral health, and alternative treatment options. Extraction is typically recommended when preserving the tooth would be more detrimental to your oral health.
The Ideal Candidates for Tooth Extraction
Ideal candidates for tooth extraction include individuals who have:
- Severely decayed or damaged teeth.
- Impacted wisdom teeth causing pain or discomfort.
- Gum disease leading to tooth mobility.
- Orthodontic needs requiring tooth removal for proper alignment.
- Teeth that are interfering with the success of dental prosthetics, like dentures or dental implants.
Steps Involved During Tooth Extraction
- The tooth extraction process begins with a thorough assessment by your dentist, who will assess the tooth’s condition to determine whether extraction is necessary. This assessment typically involves two main components:
- X-rays: Dental X-rays are taken to provide a clear view of the tooth and its surrounding area. X-rays can reveal critical information about the tooth’s root structure, position, and any potential issues beneath the gumline, such as impacted teeth or root abnormalities.
- Clinical Examination: Your dentist will physically examine the tooth and the surrounding gums and tissues. They will assess the tooth’s integrity, checking for signs of damage, decay, or infection.
Once the decision is made to proceed with the extraction, your dentist will ensure your comfort during the procedure. Local anaesthesia is administered to numb the area surrounding the tooth to ensure you won’t feel any pain or discomfort during the procedure. Sedation options may be offered for some patients who experience dental anxiety or for more complex surgical extractions.
- With the area properly anaesthetised, the extraction process can begin. The steps involved in extracting the tooth include:
- Loosening the Tooth: Using specialised dental instruments, your dentist will gently loosen the tooth within its socket. For teeth that are visible above the gumline, this may involve rocking the tooth back and forth to widen the socket.
- Surgical Extractions: In some cases, surgical extractions are necessary. This is often the case with impacted teeth or teeth that have broken below the gumline. Surgical extractions may require additional incisions in the gum tissue to access the tooth.
- Extraction: Once the tooth is adequately loosened, your dentist will carefully remove it from its socket. This is done with precision to minimise trauma to the surrounding tissues.
- After the extraction, your dentist will assess the extraction site to determine if any additional steps are needed. If necessary, stitches may be placed to close the extraction site. These sutures are typically absorbable and will dissolve over time as the extraction site heals.
- The closure step is particularly important for surgical extractions or cases where the extraction site requires additional care. You will be provided with post-operative instructions to ensure proper healing and lower the risk of infection or complications.
Caring After Tooth Extraction
After tooth extraction, it’s essential to follow post-operative care instructions provided by your dentist, which may include:
- Rest and limited physical activity.
- Avoiding hot, spicy, or hard foods.
- Taking prescribed pain medications and antibiotics.
- Gently rinsing with saltwater solution.
- Avoiding tobacco and alcohol.
- Maintaining oral hygiene while avoiding the extraction site.
Tooth Extraction Surgery in Chennai
At BM Cosmetic, we understand that dental health is paramount to your overall well-being. Sometimes, the best course of action for preserving your oral health involves tooth extraction.
Tooth extraction at BM Cosmetic is performed with the utmost care and professionalism. Our dental experts prioritise your comfort and well-being throughout the process, ensuring smooth and efficient recovery.
If you have concerns about a tooth or suspect that extraction may be necessary, BM Cosmetic, the best tooth extraction clinic in Chennai, is here to provide premium dental care tailored to your unique needs. Call 9952099620 to book an appointment.